{"title":"MP-SMC-I Method for Slip Suppression of Electric Vehicles under Braking","authors":"Tohru Kawabe","volume":105,"journal":"International Journal of Computer and Information Engineering","pagesStart":2081,"pagesEnd":2086,"ISSN":"1307-6892","URL":"https:\/\/publications.waset.org\/pdf\/10002225","abstract":"In this paper, a new SMC (Sliding Mode Control)\r\nmethod with MP (Model Predictive Control) integral action for the\r\nslip suppression of EV (Electric Vehicle) under braking is proposed.\r\nThe proposed method introduce the integral term with standard SMC\r\ngain , where the integral gain is optimized for each control period by\r\nthe MPC algorithms. The aim of this method is to improve the safety\r\nand the stability of EVs under braking by controlling the wheel slip\r\nratio. There also include numerical simulation results to demonstrate\r\nthe effectiveness of the method.","references":"[1] A.G. Mamalis, K.N. Spentzas and A.A. Mamali, The Impact of\r\nAutomotive Industry and Its Supply Chain to Climate Change: Somme\r\nTechno-economic Aspects, European Transport Research Review, Vol.5,\r\nNo.1, 2013, pp.1\u201310.\r\n[2] S. Brown, D. Pyke and P. Steenhof, Electric vehicles: The role and\r\nimportance of standards in an emerging market, Energy Policy, Vol.38,\r\nIssue 7, 2010, pp. 3797\u20133806.\r\n[3] H. Tseng and J.S. Wu and X. Liu, Affordability of Electric Vehicle for a\r\nSustainable Transport System: An Economic and Environmental Analysis,\r\nEnergy Policy, Vol.61, 2013, pp.441\u2013447.\r\n[4] A.T. Zanten, R. Erhardt and G. Pfaff, VDC; The Vehicle Dynamics\r\nControl System of Bosch, Proc. Society of Automotive Engineers\r\nInternational Congress and Exposition, 1995, Paper No. 950759.\r\n[5] K. Kin, O. Yano and H. Urabe, Enhancements in Vehicle Stability and\r\nSteerability with VSA, Proc. JSME TRANSLOG 2001\uff0c2001, pp.407\u2013410\r\n(in Japanese).\r\n[6] K. Sawase, Y. Ushiroda and T. Miura, Left-Right Torque Vectoring\r\nTechnology as the Core of Super All Wheel Control (S-AWC), Mitsubishi\r\nMotors Technical Review , No.18, 2006, pp.18\u201324 (in Japanese).\r\n[7] S. Kodama, L. Li and H. Hori, Skid Prevention for EVs based on the\r\nEmulation of Torque Characteristics of Separately-wound DC Motor,\r\nProc. The 8th IEEE International Workshop on Advanced Motion Control\r\n, VT-04-12, 2004, pp.75\u201380.\r\n[8] M. Mubin, S. Ouchi, M. Anabuki and H. Hirata, Drive Control of\r\nan Electric Vehicle by a Non-linear Controller, IEEJ Transactions on\r\nIndustry Applications , Vol.126, No.3, 2006, pp.300\u2013308 (in Japanese).\r\n[9] K. Fujii and H. Fujimoto, Slip ratio control based on wheel control\r\nwithout detection of vehicle speed for electric vehicle\u201d, IEEJ Technical\r\nMeeting Record, VT-07-05, 2007, pp.27\u201332 (in Japanese).\r\n[10] S. Li, K. Nakamura, T. Kawabe and K. Morikawa, A Sliding Mode\r\nControl for Slip Ratio of Electric Vehicle, Proc. of SICE Annual\r\nConference 2012, pp.1974\u20131979.\r\n[11] T. Kawabe, Y. Kogure, K. Nakamura, K. Morikawa and Y. Arikawa,\r\nTraction Control of Electric Vehicle by Model Predictive PID Controller,\r\nTransaction of JSME Series C, Vol. 77, No. 781, pp. 3375\u20133385 (in\r\nJapanese).\r\n[12] I. Eker and A. Akinal, Sliding Mode Control with Integral\r\nAugmented Sliding Surface: Design and Experimental Application to\r\nan Electromechanical system, Electrical Engineering, Vol.90, 2008,\r\npp.189\u2013197.\r\n[13] S. Li and T. Kawabe, Slip Suppression of Electric Vehicles Using Sliding\r\nMode Control Method, International Journal of Intelligent Control and\r\nAutomation, Vol.4, No.3, 2013, pp.327\u2013334.\r\n[14] J.M. Maciejowski, Predictive Control with Constraints, (Trans. by\r\nAdachi,S. and Kanno,M.), Tokyo Denki University Press, 2005 (in\r\nJapanese).\r\n[15] H.B. Pacejka and E. Bakker, \u201cThe Magic Formula Tyre Model\u201d, Vehicle\r\nsystem dynamics, Vol.21, 1991, pp.1\u201318.","publisher":"World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology","index":"Open Science Index 105, 2015"}